A questão da equalização em sistemas de comunicação que utilizam sinais caóticos (Equalization in chaos-based communication systems). Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, 2015 (available only in portuguese).
In the last decades, many communication systems applying synchronism of chaotic systems have been proposed as an alternative spread spectrum modulation that improves the level of privacy in data transmission. However, due to the lack of robustness of chaos synchronization, even a low level of noise or minor channel imperfections are enough to hinder communication. In this work, adaptive equalizers are used to enable chaotic synchronization when the communication channel is not ideal. Adaptive equalization algorithms are proposed based on a modified version of the normalized least-mean-squares algorithm, considering the discrete-time version of the communication system based on Wu and Chua’s synchronization model. For these algorithms, the interval for the choice of the step-size is computed, in order to avoid divergence. The Hénon and the Ikeda maps are used as chaotic signal generators (CSG) and two functions are considered to encode the message, one based on the multiplication of the message by one of the states of the CSG and the other based on the addition of the message to one of the states of the CSG. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithms can successfully equalize the channel in different scenarios.
Dynamical Systems Applications, Chaotic Synchronization, Chaos-based Communication Systems, Adaptive Equalizers.