## On the Impact of Random Node Sampling on Adaptive Diffusion Networks

Daniel Gilio Tiglea, Renato Candido, Magno T. M. Silva. On the Impact of Random Node Sampling on Adaptive Diffusion Networks. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, v.72, pp.3973-3989, 2024.

## Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the effects of random sampling on adaptive diffusion networks. These networks consist in a collection of nodes that can measure and process data, and that can communicate with each other to pursue a common goal of estimating an unknown system. In particular, we consider in our theoretical analysis the diffusion least-mean-squares algorithm in a scenario in which the nodes are randomly sampled. Hence, each node may or may not adapt its local estimate at a certain iteration. Our model shows that a reduction in the sampling probability leads to a noticeable deterioration in the convergence rate, and, if the nodes cooperate, to a slight decrease in the steady-state Network Mean-Square Deviation (NMSD), assuming that the environment is stationary and that all other parameters of the algorithm are kept fixed. Furthermore, we also investigate the effects of the random node sampling on the network stability.

## Keywords

Adaptive diffusion networks, distributed signal processing, sampling, stability, asynchronous networks.